While the mathnawi genre of poetry may use a variety of different metres, Attar adopted a particular meter, that was later imitated by Rumi in his famous Mathnawi-yi Ma’nawi, which then became the mathnawi metre par excellence. Today it is the official language of. The literary historian, Muhammad ‘Awfi, who visited Nishapur around 1200 CE, describes ‘Attar as a pious, withdrawn Sufi and a fine mystical poet. Attar's masterful use of symbolism is a key, driving component of the poem. … His works were the inspiration of Rumi and many other mystic poets. Farid al-Din 'Attar was born at Nishapur in northern Persia on November 12, 1119, but sources on his date of death vary from 1193 to 1234. Fifty Poems of Attar. Within the larger context of the story of the journey of the birds, Attar masterfully tells the reader many didactic short, sweet stories in captivating poetic style. Each of these desires is discussed first literally, and shown to be absurd, and then it is explained how there is an esoteric interpretation of each one. [4] Today, his mausoleum is located in Nishapur. Like many of his other poems, it is in the mathnawi genre of rhyming couplets. They are sometimes modeled after Sanai. PDF. Faridudin Attar (فریدالدین عطار) was born in Nishapur In 1136. Although his heroes are for the most part Sufis and ascetics, he also introduces stories from historical chronicles, collections of anecdotes, and all types of high-esteemed literature. One cannot gain spiritual knowledge without dying to all things. 8 poems of Farid ud-Din Attar. The Diwan of Attar (Persian: دیوان عطار‎) consists almost entirely of poems in the Ghazal ("lyric") form, as he collected his Ruba'i ("quatrains") in a separate work called the Mokhtar-nama. These valleys are as follows:[20][21], Sholeh Wolpé writes, "When the birds hear the description of these valleys, they bow their heads in distress; some even die of fright right then and there. 1 Pages. Intoxicated By The Wine Of Love, In The Dead Of Night, The Triumph Of The Soul Come you lost Atoms to your Centre draw, … 11th January 2019 . It is said that Rumi actually met Attar when Attar was an old man and Rumi was a boy, though some scholars dispute this possibility. There are also some Qasida ("Odes"), but they amount to less than one-seventh of the Divan. Farīd ad-Dīn ʿAṭṭār (en persan : فَرید الدّین ابو حامِد محمّد عطّار نِیشابوری, Farīd ad-dīn Abū Ḥāmid Moḥammed ʿAṭṭār Nīšābūrī), parfois surnommé Attar de Nishapur, est un poète mystique persan (v. 1145 - mort entre 1190 et 1229), né et mort à Nichapour (), où se trouve son tombeau. Lewis, 2000). He has provided the inspiration for Rumi and many other poets. Folio from an illustrated manuscript dated c.1600. His ideas and exquisite verse deserve a wider circulation than has been accorded … Attar. منطق الطیر - هفت شهر عشق = Mantiq Al-Tayr = Maqāmāt-uṭ-Ṭuyūr = The Conference of the Birds, Farid ud-Din Attar The Conference of the Birds or Speech of the Birds (1177), is a celebrated literary masterpiece of Persian literature by poet Farid ud-Din Attar, commonly known as Attar of Nishapur. In 1990 the opera singer Hossein Sarshar performed this piece as well which its recording is available. Sourced quotations by the Persian Poet Attar of Nishapur (1142 — 1221) about love, god and soul. The epic poem is a masnavi, a poetic form invented by the Persians. This is particularly remarkable in the case of medicine, which fell well within the scope of his professional expertise as pharmacist. This paper. At the age of 78, Attar died a violent death in the massacre which the Mongols inflicted on Nishapur in April 1221. + Voir plus. Faridi-ul-Din Attar (or Faridudin) was born in Nishapur, in the Iranian province of Khorasan and died in the same city. The first recorded use of this metre for a mathnawi poem took place at the Nizari Ismaili fortress of Girdkuh between 1131-1139. In terms of form and content, it has some similarities with Bird Parliament. Attar of Nishapur (The Conference of the Birds) To seek death is death's only cure. The Ubuntu Theater Project in Berkeley California premiered an adaptation of Attar's The Conference of the Birds by Sholeh Wolpe, in Oakland, California. La conférence des oiseaux di Farid Uddin Attar Adattamento teatrale e regia di Jean-Claude Carrière Con Jean-Claude Carrière e Nahal Tajadod Commento … Sufi Biography: Faridudin Attar. His Qasidas expound upon mystical and ethical themes and moral precepts. Attar of Nishapur; Attar of Nishapur. Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges, used in one of his short stories, The Approach to Al-Mu'tasim, a summary of The Conference of the Birds as a reference. Abū Ḥamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm, better known by his pen-names Farīd ud-Dīn and ʿAṭṭār, was a Persian poet, theoretician of Sufism, and hagiographer from Nishapur who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism. He obviously had no motive for sharing his expert knowledge in the manner customary among court panegyrists, whose type of poetry he despised and never practiced. On the way, many perish of thirst, heat or illness, while others fall prey to wild beasts, panic, and violence. Such knowledge is only brought into his works in contexts where the theme of a story touches on a branch of the natural sciences. Download PDF Package. ‘Awfi cites examples from ‘Attar’s lyrical poetry but does not comment on his mathnawis (narrative poems). Download with Google Download with Facebook. ), and an equally rich group of themes typical of lyrical poetry of erotic inspiration adopted by mystical literature (the torment of love, impossible union, beauty of the loved one, stereotypes of the love story as weakness, crying, separation).[24]. According to Reinert: It seems that he was not well known as a poet in his own lifetime, except at his home town, and his greatness as a mystic, a poet, and a master of narrative was not discovered until the 15th century. When the birds assemble, they wonder why they have no king. `Attar means herbalist, druggist, perfumist or alchemist, and during his lifetime in Persia, much of medicine and drugs were based on herbs. [5] There are many more examples of such subtle symbols and allusions throughout the Mantiq. Poem Hunter all poems of by Farid ud-Din Attar poems. provided at no charge for educational purposes, http://oldpoetry.com/opoem/show/132284-Edward-FitzGerald-Bird-Parliament--translation-of-. After completing his studies he followed his father’s profession... Sufi Stories. Ritter, H. (1986), “Attar”, Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Ed., vol. 0 poems of Attar of Nishapur. Notably, jazz bassist David Holland's album, which was written as a metaphor for his own enlightenment, and Om's Conference of the Birds, which deals with extremely esoteric themes often connected with metaphors of flight, inward vision, destruction of self, and oneness with the cosmos. Today, his mausoleum is located in Nishapur. Attar a écrit plusieurs poèmes moraux et mystiques, dont les plus célèbres sont "Le Livre des conseils" ou "La Conférence des oiseaux". 24th November 2018. The Hoopoe presents herself as a messenger from the invisible world with knowledge of God and the secrets of creation. The Tadhkirat-ul-Awliyā, a hagiographic collection of Muslim saints and mystics, is Attar's only known prose work. A short summary of this paper. The oft-repeated story of ‘Attar meeting young Rumi in Nishapur belongs to the realm of succession myths (F.D. Collection at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Usage Public Domain Mark 1.0 Topics Persian Poetry, Intikhab, Tasawwuf Collection opensource Language English. The thoughts depicted in `Attar's works reflects the whole evolution of the Sufi movement. Dec 13, 2014 - appendixjournal: “ An illustration from Attar of Nishapur’s poem “The Conference of the Birds” (1177 CE). Attar met Rumi at the end of his life when Rumi was only a boy and gave his book Asrarnameh (The Book of secrets) as a present to him. Attar of Nishapur- Persian Muslim poet Tehran (ISNA) - Abu Hamed Abu Bakr Attar of Nishapur was a Persian Muslim poet, and mystic has lived between 1145 c –1221c. 'Attar also means rose oil. Daadbeh, Asghar and Melvin-Koushki, Matthew, “ʿAṭṭār Nīsābūrī”, in: Farīd al-Dīn ʿAṭṭār, in Encyclopædia Britannica, online edition - accessed December 2012. At one time, Persian was a common cultural language of much of the non-Arabic Islamic world. Mystic Poet; Born: c. 1110 Nishapur, Persia: Died: c. 1220 (aged 109–110) Nishapur, Persia: Venerated in: Islam: Influences: Ferdowsi, Sanai, Khwaja Abdullah Ansari, Mansur Al-Hallaj, Abu-Sa'id Abul-Khayr, Bayazid Bastami: Influenced: Rumi, Hafez, Jami, Ali-Shir Nava'i and many other later Sufi Poets: Tradition or genre. In its introduction `Attar mentions three other works of his, including one entitled Šarḥ al-Qalb, presumably the same that he destroyed. Poem Hunter all poems of by Attar of Nishapur poems. While his works say little else about his life, they tell us that he practiced the profession of pharmacy and personally attended to a very large number of customers. `Attar was a pen-name which he took for his occupation. From the movie: Bab'Aziz: The Prince That Contemplated His Soul Full movie can be viewed here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BMJTYz9fEOg or. Poems by Attar. 1590–1610), in ink, opaque watercolor, gold, and silver on paper, dimensions 25,4 x 11,4 cm.[22]. Rumi praises `Attar as follows: Attar has roamed through the seven cities of love while we have barely turned down the first street.[25]. Paintings by Habiballah of Sava (active ca. But despite their trepidations, they begin the great journey. [4] At the same time, the mystic Persian poet Rumi has mentioned: "Attar was the spirit, Sanai his eyes twain, And in time thereafter, Came we in their train"[8] and mentions in another poem: Attar traveled through all the seven cities of love, While I am only at the bend of the first alley..[9], `Attar was probably the son of a prosperous chemist, receiving an excellent education in various fields. He is one of the most ancient poets of Persia. Fifty Poems of Attar book. The soul will manifest itself when the body is laid aside. Let love lead your soul. Rekisteröityminen ja tarjoaminen on ilmaista. The hoopoe tells the birds that they have to cross seven valleys in order to reach the abode of Simorgh. Premium PDF Package. While the mathnawi genre of poetry may use a variety of different metres, Attar adopted a particular meter, that was later imitated by Rumi in his famous Mathnawi-yi Ma’nawi, which then became the mathnawi metre par excellence. Like many of his other poems, it is in the mathnawi genre of rhyming couplets. His ideas range over the whole spectrum of Persian mysticism and religious philosophy, and his writing paved the way for the triumphs of Rumi and Hafiz. All Pervading Consciousness; In the Dead of night; Intoxicated by the Wine of Love; Invocation; Looking for your own face; Mystic Silence; The Triumph of the Soul; Why was Adam; Links. ), Harvard University Press, 1972, pp. Information about Attar's life is rare and scarce. Eventually, he abandoned his pharmacy store and traveled widely - to Baghdad, Basra, Kufa, Mecca, Medina, Damascus, Khwarizm, Turkistan, and India, meeting with Sufi Shaykhs - and returned promoting Sufi ideas. Shaykh Fariduddin Attar in words of Allama Muhammad Iqbal. [23], Mukhtār-Nāma (Persian: مختار نامه‎), a wide-ranging collection of quatrains (2088 in number). "A. J. Arberry, "Sufism: An Account of the Mystics ", Courier Dover Publications, Nov 9, 2001. p. 141, Sholeh Wolpé, "The Conference of the Birds" W. W. Norton & Co, 2017, First edition p. 5, F. Meier, "Der Geistmensch bei dem persischen Dichter `Attar", Eranos-Jahrbuch 13, 1945, pp. Manṭiq-uṭ-Ṭayr or the Conference of the Birds or Speech of the Birds is a Persian poem by Sufi poet Farid ud-Din Attar, commonly known as Attar of Nishapur. Attar of Nishapur (The Conference of the Birds) From each a mystic silence Love demands. [12] At the age of 78, Attar died a violent death in the massacre which the Mongols inflicted on Nishapur in April 1221. In the end, the birds learn that they themselves are the Simorgh; the name “Simorgh” in Persian means thirty (si) birds (morgh). Excerpt: "ATTAR, FARID AL-DIN MUHAMMAD B. IBRAHIM.Persian mystical poet. [4] One work is missing from these lists, namely the Tadhkirat-ul-Awliyā, which was probably omitted because it is a prose work; its attribution to `Attar is scarcely open to question. The first recorded use of this metre for a mathnawi poem took place at the Nizari Ismaili fortress of Girdkuh between 1131-1139. Therefore, by profession he was similar to a modern-day town doctor and pharmacist. The King tries to show the temporary and senseless desires of his six sons by retelling them a large number of spiritual stories. He has provided the inspiration for Rumi and many other poets. Ajouter des informations. The hoopoe, the wisest of them all, suggests that they should find the legendary Simorgh. Allama Iqbal. Yet, whoever looks into that mirror will also behold his or her own image." However, what we do know for certain is that Attar practiced the profession of pharmacist and personally attended to a very large number of customers. [14][15] He did not seem to want to reveal the secrets of nature. The Ilāhī-Nama (Persian: الهی نامه‎) or Elāhī-Nāmeh is another famous poetic work of Attar, consisting of 6500 verses. Poems by Attar; Sufi Poets; Rumi; Hafiz Farid al-Din 'Attar was born at Nishapur in northern Persia on November 12, 1119, but sources on his date of death vary from 1193 to 1234. 6 Fifty Poems of Attar Khurasan, the Hanafis and Shafi‘ts. 6 Full PDFs related to this paper. [4] The people he helped in the pharmacy used to confide their troubles in `Attar and this affected him deeply. Biography. Abū Ḥamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm (c. 1145 – c. 1221) better known by his pen-names Farīd ud-Dīn and ʿAṭṭār, was a Persian poet, theoretician of Sufism, and hagiographer from Nishapur who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism. Profanity : Our optional filter replaced words with *** on this page •, © by owner. [11] According to Annemarie Schimmel, the tendency among Shia authors to include leading mystical poets such as Rumi and Attar among their own ranks, became stronger after the introduction of Twelver Shia as the state religion in the Safavid Empire in 1501. The nature of the other two, entitled Kašf al-Asrār (کشف الاسرار) and Maʿrifat al-Nafs (معرفت النفس), remains unknown.[19]. She recommends Simurgh as their true king, saying that one of his feathers fell on China. Loading Preview Download pdf × Close Log In. Fifty Poems of Attar. In the introductions of Mukhtār-Nāma (مختارنامه) and Khusraw-Nāma (خسرونامه), Attar lists the titles of further products of his pen: He also states, in the introduction of the Mukhtār-Nāma, that he destroyed the Jawāhir-Nāma' and the Šarḥ al-Qalb with his own hand. The hoopoe leads the birds, each of whom represents a human fault which prevents human kind from attaining enlightenment. [10] Attar was a Sunni Muslim.[11]. Attar’s beguiling anecdotes and humor intermingle the sublime with the mundane, the spiritual with the worldly, while his poem models the soul’s escape from the mind’s rational embrace. Download Full PDF Package. On translating Attar, Attar in Encyclopedia Iranica by B. Reinert, Deewan-e-Attar in original Persian single pdf file uploaded by javed Hussen, Inscription of Xerxes the Great in Van Fortress, Achaemenid inscription in the Kharg Island, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Attar_of_Nishapur&oldid=998121596, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2019, Articles with dead external links from February 2012, Articles containing Persian-language text, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, R. M. Chopra, 2014, " Great Poets of Classical Persian ", Sparrow Publication, Kolkata (, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 22:47. étiquettes récits fables poésie poèmes contes soufisme sagesse quête mystique oiseaux spirituel traditions religion spiritualité islam islam iranien mystique musulmane In 1963 the Persian composer Hossein Dehlavi wrote a piece for voice and orchestra on Attar's 'Forugh-e Eshgh'. 147-53, "The Concourse of the Birds", Folio 11r from a Mantiq al-tair (Language of the Birds), The Met, Can Literature Save the World? The story is about a king who is confronted with the materialistic and worldly demands of his six sons. [4] His talent for perception of deeper meanings behind outward appearances enables him to turn details of everyday life into illustrations of his thoughts. Tagged: Fariduddin Attar of Nishapur . Although the contemporary sources confirm only `Attar's authorship of the Dīwān and the Manṭiq-uṭ-Ṭayr, there are no grounds for doubting the authenticity of the Mukhtār-Nāma and Khusraw-Nāma and their prefaces. Richard W. Bulliet, The Patricians of Nishapur: A Study in Medieval Islamic Social History, ‘Cambridge (Mass. From childhood onward Attar, encouraged by his father, was interested in the Sufis and their sayings and way of life, and regarded their saints as his spiritual guides. ‘ATTAR: SELECTED POETRY Translation, Introduction & Notes by Paul Smith Farid ad-din ‘Attar is seen with Sana’i and Rumi (who he met and influenced) as one of the three most important Sufi Poet –Masters of the 13th century. Create a free account to download. [7] He is mentioned by only two of his contemporaries, `Awfi and Tusi. Finally, only thirty birds make it to the abode of Simorgh. Written and compiled throughout much of his life and published before his death, the compelling account of the execution of the mystic Mansur al-Hallaj, who had uttered the words "I am the Truth" in a state of ecstatic contemplation, is perhaps the most well known extract from the book. 'Attar believed that God is beyond all human knowledge. According to Idries Shah, China as used here, is not the geographical China, but the symbol of mystic experience, as inferred from the Hadith (declared weak by Ibn Adee, but still used symbolically by some Sufis): "Seek knowledge; even as far as China". Iter ’ meaning perfume provided the inspiration for Rumi and many other poets about. Thoughts depicted in ` Attar is one of the birds ) from each a silence! Itself when the body is laid aside two of his six sons by retelling them a large number of Stories... 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