Tried and True Traditions. [110] In the past bright stars of fabric were sewn onto the background of dark colored quilts, representing the night sky. Christians celebrate the festivity on January sixth to commemorate the birth of Jesus. [113], It is celebrated by attending church most often to the midnight mass by the maronites. The singers also bring greetings to the owners of the house. [5][53] Lutherans celebrate the last Sunday before Ash Wednesday as the Transfiguration of our Lord, and it has been said that they call the whole period from Epiphany to then as Epiphany season. In this way the birth of Jesus would be made known to all."[32]. Today in England, Twelfth Night is still as popular a day for plays as when Shakespeare's Twelfth Night was first performed in 1601, and annual celebrations involving the Holly Man are held in London. Paramony: The Eve of the Feast is called Paramony (Greek: παραμονή, Slavonic: navechérie). As the date is in early January and the waters are close to freezing, this is considered an honorable act and it is said that good health will be bestowed upon the home of the swimmer who is the first to reach the cross. Some Christian cultures, especially those of Latin America and some in Europe, extend the season to as many as forty days, ending on Candlemas (February 2). The priest goes door to door with the cross and a branch of basil to "sanctify" or "brighten" the rooms by sprinkling them with holy water. [95] It is the "Great Celebration" or Theotromi. The Epiphany bread/cake is known as Roscón,[141] Tortell de Reis in Catalan, and in Mexico as Rosca de reyes.[142]. A carol used as an anthem for Epiphany is "The Three Kings". (p. 54). The night of January 5 into the morning of January 6 is known as "Night of Kings" (also called the Twelfth Night) and is feasted with music, sweets and regional dishes as the last night of Nativity, when Christmas decorations are traditionally put away.[80]. Belief holds that the first to reach the wooden cross, thrown by an Eastern Orthodox priest, will enjoy a year of good health. The Feast of the Three Kings or Trzech Kroli on January 6th is the official end of Christmas. Celebrate Three Kings Day Like They Do in Germany Many nations celebrate the full 12 days of Christmas, through to the feast day of Epiphany, on January 6th. Epiphany is also a time when the traditional Portuguese dances known as Mouriscadas and Paulitos are performed. A.D. 100-325. Traditionally in Mexico, as with many other Latin American countries, Santa Claus doesn't hold the cachet that he does in the United States. [139] Most towns in Spain arrange colorful parades representing the arrival of the Reyes Magos to town so children can see them on their camels or carriages before they go to bed. Eastern churches celebrate the Baptism of Christ in the Jordan. Peruvian national lore holds that Francisco Pizarro was the first to call Lima "Ciudad de los Reyes" (City of the Kings) because the date of the Epiphany coincided with the day he and his two companions searched for, and found, an ideal location for a new capital. In the 1500s the Swedish-Finnish Lutheran church called Epiphany "Day of the Holy Three Kings", while before this, the older term Epiphania was used. Other Eastern churches, as in Russia, hold to the older Julian calendar for reckoning church dates. In the German-speaking lands, groups of young people called Sternsinger (star singers) travel from door to door. In certain cultures, it can be a national holiday. On the Julian calendar, which some of the Orthodox churches follow, that date corresponds, during the present century, to January 19 on the Gregorian or Revised Julian calendar. January 6 was the old-calendar Christmas Day and many of the festivities connected with it lasted well over a century after the new calendar was introduced in 1752. In such conditions, the cross is not cast into the water, but is held securely by the priest and dipped three times into the water. Until the 1980s, January 6 was a public holiday, but today the Maltese celebrate Epiphany on the first Sunday of the year. Carnival in turn ends with the grand brilé Vaval, the burning of Vaval, the king of the Kannaval, amidst the cries and wails of the crowd.[98]. The protagiasi casts away the goblins ; bonfires are also lit in some places for that purpose. As the plate of Mytilene while the divers dive to catch the Cross women at the same time "getting a detaining (= pumpkin) water from 40 waves and then with cotton dipped it clean icons without talking to throughout this process ("dumb water") and then the water is thrown out of the not pressed (in the crucible of the church). The night before, every city hosts a parade to welcome the Three Wise Men who have just arrived from the Far East. In Latin America, January 6th, and not necessarily Christmas, is the day that children receive their gifts. Epiphanius of Salamis says that January 6 is Christ's "Birthday; that is, His Epiphany" (hemera genethlion toutestin epiphanion). [90] The young people then perform the traditional house blessing, by marking the year over the doorway with chalk. The day is related to the blessing of waters that are used all throughout the year in the church celebrations, and it is a privileged day to celebrate baptisms. In the Netherlands, the traditions have died out, except for very few places. When the children wake up in the morning, their gifts will have appeared in the place of the hay. [104], The Irish call the day the Feast of the Epiphany or traditionally Little Christmas or "Women's Christmas" (Irish: Nollaig na mBan). The letters are usually written on the 5th of January, the eve of the Epiphany, and they are tied to balloons of different colours that are released towards the skies, carrying the children’s wishes. It is celebrated on January 6 of the calendar that a particular Church uses. King cakes are first sold then, Carnival krewes begin having their balls on that date, and the first New Orleans krewe parades in street cars that night. The feast of the Epiphany is celebrated by the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, which falls on 11 Tobe of the Coptic calendar, as the moment when in the baptism of Jesus the skies opened and God himself revealed to all as father of Jesus and all mankind. Whoever discovered a ring in his piece of cake (or bread) was elected as King or Queen and presided over the day's festivities. Children and students still take January 6 as a school holiday and Christmas decorations are lit up through this day on most public streets. The name of the feast as celebrated in the Orthodox churches may be rendered in English as the Theophany, as closer in form to the Greek Θεοφάνεια ("God shining forth" or "divine manifestation"). While the term loppiainen means "ending [of Christmas time]," in reality, Christmas celebrations in Finland are extended to Nuutti's or St. Canute's Day on January 13, completing the Scandinavian Twenty Days of Christmas. sfn error: no target: CITEREFEpiphanius (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFNazianzuscol._349 (. The Three Kings Day (Día De Los Reyes Magos) celebrates the Nativity story of the Three Kings, also referred to as The Three Wise Men --Melchior, Caspar and Balthazar -- who brought gifts to baby Jesus in Bethlehem. Contemporary use has sought to express an alternative tradition, in which Christmas lasts for a full forty days, ending with the Feast of the Presentation on 2 February. [115] Epiphany is a non-working day for the Orthodox believers in North Macedonia.[116]. For the Coptic Orthodox Church it is also a moment in which the path of Jesus to the Cross begins. It is then a moment of revelation of epiphany. [59] Before the 1969 revision of its liturgy, the Sundays following the Octave of Epiphany or, when this was abolished, following the Feast of the Baptism of the Lord, which was instituted to take the place of the Octave Day of Epiphany were named as the "Second (etc., up to Sixth) Sunday after Epiphany", as the at least 24 Sundays following Pentecost Sunday and Trinity Sunday were known as the "Second (etc.) Epiphany may have originated in the Greek-speaking eastern half of the Roman Empire as a feast to honor the baptism of Jesus. As with customs in other countries, the fruitcake toss is a sort of festive symbolic leave-taking of the Christmas holidays until next year, but with humorous twist, since fruitcake is considered with a certain degree of derision in most of the United States, and is the source of many jokes.